Montreal Island Kit describes the political system, the political organisation and the political terms of an island divided into 16 municipalities.
Montreal Island Kit is mostly about the City of Montreal, its 19 boroughs and 15 reconstituted municipalities even if the City of Dorval and the Island of Dorval are often considered as one city.
An Island of Montreal officially called the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal.
In the Province of Quebec, municipal elections take place every 4 years on the 1st Sunday of November. 2017 was election year and November 2021 will be our next election year.
During our next election year politics, the residents of the City of Montreal will elect the members of the City Council that is, the mayor of the City of Montreal who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough, the City Councillors, the Borough Mayors and the Borough Councillors.
An election year politics that also requires that the residents of each of the 15 reconstituted municipalities of the Island of Montreal elect a Mayor for each City and a Municipal Councillor for each electoral district of each reconstituted city.
Since mayor Gérald Tremblay (2002-2012), the mayor of the City of Montreal is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough as per an agreement made between the Quebec Government and the City of Montreal.
Mayor Tremblay was convinced that the mayor of the City of Montreal should also be the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough to avoid potential conflicts if a borough mayor from the opposition would ever be elected again.
Nowadays, the mayor of the City of Montreal heads the City Council and controls the administrative, budgetary and legislative procedures of the Montreal municipal organisation.
A City Council that is democratically elected and that, according to the Charter of Ville de Montreal, has final authority and final decision over the the organisation of the City of Montreal
The Charter of Ville de Montréal defines the commitments of the City Council Councillors and determines the jurisdiction of the Mayor and of each of the 65 elected officials of the City Council.
City Councillors sit on the City Council and on their respective Borough Council while Borough Councillors only sit on their Borough Council. The City Council oversees, standardises and approves the decisions made by the Borough Councils.
Montreal Island Kit is further interested in describing the Montreal Executive Committee composed of the mayor of the City of Montreal and of 11 elected members of the City Council nominated by the mayor.
The Executive Committee reports directly to the City Council and has jurisdiction over the local services offered within the City limits and over the Agglomeration services offered to the entire population of the Island of Montreal.
In political terms, the jurisdiction of the Executive Committee includes granting contracts and subsidies, managing human and financial resources and handling supplies and buildings.
The Executive Committee is also responsible for producing documents such as budgets and bylaws and for submitting official documents to the City Council for approval.
A Montreal Island Kit also about the Borough Mayors and the Borough Councillors democratically elected by the residents of each of the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal. Borough Mayors and Borough Councillors who have jurisdiction over the specific public services and matters of the respective borough.
A Borough Council is composed of no fewer than five Councillors, both Borough and City Councillors. The number of Borough Councillors and City Councillors in each of the Borough Council varies depending on the geography and the population of the borough.
City Councillors sit on the City Council and on their respective Borough Council. In total, 19 boroughs and 46 City Councillors. Borough Councillors only sit on their Borough Council. In total, 19 boroughs and 38 Borough Councillors.
The Agglomeration Council is composed of 31 elected officials who represent each of the 16 municipalities of the Island of Montreal, that is the City of Montreal and the 15 reconstituted cities of the Island of Montreal.
The Agglomeration Council is headed by the Mayor of Montreal and is composed of 15 members of the City Council nominated by the mayor. An Agglomeration Council also composed of 14 mayors and 1 representative to represent each of the 15 reconstituted municipalities of the Island of Montreal.
Both the Town of Dorval Island and the City of Dorval have one representative and an additional representative from the City of Dollard-des-Ormeaux has been added because of the size of its geography and population.
The Montreal City Council has the power to impose a tax rate on all properties within the limits of the City of Montreal along with "special taxes". The boroughs impose two taxes, one for services and one for capital expenditures.
Then, all the taxpayers of the Island of Montreal, regardless of their borough or city of residence are required to pay a common tax for the shared services administered by the Agglomeration Council.
Montreal Island Kit is also about the city mayors, city councils and city life in each of the 15 reconstituted municipalities of the Island of Montreal.
Local mayors and local city councillors who offer local services to the residents who live within the limits of each of the 15 reconstituted city, town and village of the Island of Montreal.
Montreal ISLAND Kit
by Rachel Louise Barry