A Montreal electoral democracy summary to describe the electoral characteristics of an Island of Montreal divided into 58 electoral districts.
According to the Directeur général des élections du Québec "The act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (AERM) stipulates that municipal general elections shall beheld in all municipalities of Québec on the first Sunday of November, every four years."
A City of Montreal Council composed of:
The mayor of Montreal is elected democratically by the residents of the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal. Borough mayors and city Councillors are elected by the residents of each of the 19 boroughs and sit on the Montreal city council and on their respective borough council
According to the Charter of Ville de Montréal, the responsibilities of the City Council include:
The Montreal city council also supervises and approves the decisions made by each borough council and the executive committee (11 members and the mayor of Montreal) has jurisdiction over the local services offered within the Montreal electoral geography and city limits. An executive committee who also has jurisdiction over the entire electoral districts or profiles of the Island of Montreal.
Also according to the Charter of Ville de Montréal, the 19 borough councils have local jurisdiction and power over the following specific matters:
Borough councils are composed of at least five (5) Councillors. City councillors sit on the city council and on their borough council, while borough councillors sit on their borough council only. A total of 46 city councillors, 38 borough councillors and 58 Montreal electoral democracy districts.
The agglomeration council is headed by the mayor of Montreal, accompanied by 30 elected officials who represent the City of Montreal, its 19 boroughs and the 14 reconstituted cities of the Island of Montreal because the Dorval Island and the City of Dorval count as one city.
The Act respecting the exercise of certain municipal powers in certain urban agglomeration stipulates the jurisdiction of the Agglomeration Council over the Montreal Agglomeration.
The taxpayers of the Island of Montreal composed of 19 boroughs and 15 reconstituted cities, regardless of their borough or city of residence, pay a common tax for the shared services administered by the agglomeration council according to each and every electoral districts or profiles of the Island of Montreal.
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