basic geography is a portrait of the organisational structure of an
Island of Montreal divided into 16 cities, that is the City of
Montreal and its 19 boroughs and 15 reconstituted cities.
November 5, 2017, the Montreal elected municipal parties are:
Montreal City Council composed of 65 seats occupied first by the
mayor of the City of Montreal who is also the mayor of the
Ville-Marie borough. A City Council also composed of 18 borough
mayors, 38 borough councillors and 8 city councillors.
Every four years in November voters elect or re-elect a Mayor and a Montreal City Council as well as Mayors and City Councils for each of the other 14 other Cities of the Island of Montreal instead of 15 because, in this case, the City of Dorval and the Island of Dorval both count for one city.
we refer to the City of Montreal, we refer to a City
located on the Island of Montreal and divided into 19 boroughs.
When we refer to the Montreal Boroughs, we refer to the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal and to each of their respective borough mayors and borough councillors.
of the 19 boroughs has its own borough council for a total of 38
borough councillors who sit on each of their respective borough
council and who offer direct public services to their respective
Each borough is administered by a director who reports to his or her Borough Council and each borough receives an operating budget allocated by the Montreal City Council.
City Council is responsible for indexing taxes for residential and
non-residential properties and the Borough Councils are responsible
for indexing taxes for the services offered in each of their
we refer to the Island of Montreal, we refer to its 16
municipalities, that is the City of Montreal and the 15 reconstituted
also refer to a range of services provided by the Urban Agglomeration
of Montreal, governed by the Agglomeration Council and headed by the
mayor of the City of Montreal.
we refer to the Montreal Cities, we refer to 13 Cities, 1
Village and 1 small Island, for a total of 15 reconstituted Cities located on the Island of Montreal.
Fifteen reconstituted cities that chose not to remain incorporated in the City of Montreal, and a complex organisational structure called the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal responsible for the political administration of the entire Island of Montreal.
A total of 31 elected officials.
Agglomeration Council of the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal has the
power to adopt municipal by-laws, authorise expenses
and impose taxes on the entire Island of Montreal.
we refer to the Montreal
Metropolitan Community (MMC)
also called Greater Montreal, we
refer to the 82 municipalities of the Communauté métropolitaine de
Montréal (CMM) and to its strategic functions that include planning,
coordinating and financing the strategies related to the development
of our metropolitan community.
When we refer to the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), we refer to the City of Montreal and to the 91 adjacent municipalities of the Région Métropolitaine de Recensement de Montréal (RMR).
A Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) defined by Statistics Canada and a national Canadian Census conducted every five years also by Statistics Canada.
Montreal URBAN Kit
Montreal Basic Geography by Rachel Louise Barry