The Inuit First Peoples


The Inuit First Peoples, Inuk singular, Inuit plural and Inuit "the people" in Inuktitut so, "Inuit Peoples" is the equivalent of "Peoples Peoples" and "Inuit First Peoples" is the equivalent of "Peoples First Peoples".

That said, in Nunavut, the Inuit call themselves Nunavummiut plural and their "homeland" called Inuit Nunangat is divided into four regions:

530x351Annual race aimed at reviving Inuit dog sledding tradition set to kick off in Nunavik - Photo RCI
  1. Inuvialuit "the real people" in the Northwest Territories,
  2. Nunavik "great land" in Northern Quebec,
  3. Nunatsiavut "our beautiful land" in Northern Labrador and
  4. Nunavut "our land" in Northern Canada.

In Nunavik in Northern Quebec, Kuujjuaq, is the administrative capital and the largest Inuit community located on the Koksoak River near the Ungava Bay. Most Nunavummiut in Inuit Nunangat can conduct a conversation in Inuktut.

530x353Nunavut Quest sled dog race takes off from Arctic Bay - CBC

Inuit Nunangat Land, Water and Ice


The Inuit have lived in Inuit Nunangat, their homeland since immemorial time. They are culturally resilient and have always seen land, water and ice as an integral part of their culture and of their way of life.

530x352John Hickes pours love, time into sled dogs and training in Nunavut - Nunatsiak News

Country foods is still important in their daily lives but fewer Inuit are now hunting full-time or even part time. Their access to fish, caribou, seals, whales and birds is now limited and too often replaced by store-bought foods with lower nutritional value.

The Inuit of today went through many important changes. They moved into permanent settlements, they were introduced to formal education, they now participate in the wage-economy and they mechanized their hunting and travel

530x353Nunavut - Pokona News

The Inuit First Peoples of the North


There are eight main Inuit cultural groups and, in Canada, their language called Inuktitut is divided into five main dialects. The Inuit are a separate ethnic group from all the other Canadian Indigenous societies and are not subject to the Indian Act

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English is their second language while French is progressing. Their 14 villages are located on the shores of the Hudson Bay, the Hudson Strait and the Ungava Bay in the northeastern part of Canada.

During the last century or so, the Inuit went from a semi-nomadic to a more sedentary lifestyle. They slowly accustomed themselves to technology while remaining eager to preserve their values, their language and their culture.

Stone, bone and ivory carving are widely practiced by Inuit who carve entirely by hand, using an ax and a file. The Inuit are famous for their soapstone (steatite) carvings and for their engravings, two of their significant art activities highly prized by collectors and art galleries.

530x353Photo: Habiter le Nord Québécois - Living in Northern Quebec

Inuit printmaking is also enjoying its own popularity. Fiber arts, drawings and paintings are also produced in quantity, but not with the same popularity and fame.


The 10 Quebec First Nations are the  AbenakisAnishinaabeg, Atikamekw, Crees, Huron-Wendats, InnusMaliseets, Mi'kmaq, Mowhawks and Naskapis and the Inuit in Inuit Nunangat.

Montreal CLUB Kit
Inuit First Peoples by Rachel Louise Barry
Inuk singular - Inuit plural

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