The Innu First Nation is located in an area called Nitassinan "Our Land". One if not the most populous First Nation in Labrador.
Our land and two communities, the Sheshatshiu Innu community in Sheshatshiu north of Goose Bay and the Mushuau Innu community in Natuashish in the Atlantic region.
Communities where the Algonkian language called "Innu-aimun" is spoken by the majority and where French is their second language. Innu in Algonkian and "human beings" in English.
Natuashish and Sheshatshiu highly differ from one another. Differences that are mostly related to their geographical location, the size of their community and their socio-economic development and activities.
The Sheshatshiu community has a year round road access but Natuashish community is accessible only by plane or by boat and then to inland ancestral hunting and fishing grounds.
The Sheshatshiu Band Council is composed of one Chief and six Councilors and, the Mushuau Band Concil of Natuashish is composed of one Chief and four Councilors. Chiefs and Councillors with specific roles and duties who make decisions on behalf of their members.
Interestingly, the Innu Nation has had gender equity on its two board of directors since 1992. Both Chiefs also sit on the Board of Directors of the Innu Round Table and the three groups collaborate and work together.
The Innu traded freely with Europeans who, at first, called them Montagnais because they lived in the low mountains of the North Shore.
Nowadays, the Innu Business Database includes close to 150 registered companies in 40 business categories including Aircraft Services, Consulting, Engineering, Forestry, Retail Trade, Tourism...
The Innu people of Labrador are formally organized under the "Innu First Nation" to protect their rights, their lands and their ways of life against industrialization and external and/or negative forces.
An Innu Nation who formally represents the Innu of Labrador and who is currently involved in land claim and self-governance negotiations with the federal and the provincial governments.
An Innu Nation and two Band Councils who succeeded in having the federal government register the Labrador Innu as status Indians, giving them access to federal programs and services for First Nations people in Canada. The Canadian government also recognized the Natuashish and Sheshatshiu communities as reserve lands.
The 10 Quebec First Nations are the Abenakis, Anishinaabeg, Atikamekw, Crees, Huron-Wendats, Innus, Maliseets, Mi'kmaq, Mowhawks and Naskapis plus, the Inuit in Inuit Nunangat.
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