Montreal Electoral Profiles


A series of Montreal electoral profiles that offer interesting electoral characteristics to describe and explain the electoral geography of the Island of Montreal divided into 58 electoral districts.

According to the Directeur général des élections du Québec "The act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (AERM) stipulates that municipal general elections shall beheld in all municipalities of Québec on the first Sunday of November, every four years."

550x300La Presse - Montreal City Hall and Flag

A City of Montreal Council composed of:

  • the City Mayor, who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough,
  • 18 Borough Mayors, who are also City Councillors,
  • 46 City Councillors.

The mayor of Montreal is elected democratically by the residents of the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal, while Borough Mayors and City Councillors who sit on both the City Council and their Borough Council are elected by the residents of their respective borough. 

Montreal Electoral City Information


City Council 

According to the Charter of Ville de Montréal, the responsibilities of the City Council include:

  • Arterial system
  • Community development
  • Cultural development
  • Culture, recreation and parks
  • Economic development
  • Economic promotion
  • Environmental development
  • Land use planning and development
  • Municipal court
  • Police services
  • Recovery and recycling of residual materials
  • Road service and vehicle towing
  • Social development
  • Social housing
  • Transportation development
  • Water purification
84x108Fleur de Lys
96x108Rose
84x108White Pine
81x104Thistle
90x103Clover

A white pine for the initial native presence in Montréal surrounded by a fleur-de-lys of the Royal House of Bourbon for the French, a rose of the House of Lancaster for the English, a thistle for the Scottish and a clover for the Irish.

The Montreal City Council also supervises and approves the decisions made by each Borough Council, while the Executive Committee (11 members and the mayor of Montreal) has jurisdiction over the local services offered within the city limits and over the entire electoral profiles of the Island of Montreal.

Borough Councils

Also according to the Charter of Ville de Montréal, the 19 Borough Councils have local jurisdiction and power over the following specific matters: 

  • Culture
  • Financial management
  • Fire prevention
  • Housing
  • Human resources
  • Non-taxation fees
  • Parks
  • Recreation
  • Roads
  • Social and community development
  • Urban planning
  • Waste collection

Borough Councils are composed of at least five (5) Councillors. City Councillors sit on the City Council and on their Borough Council, while Borough Councillors sit on their Borough Council only. A total of 46 City Councillors, 38 Borough Councillors and 58 Montreal electoral districts.

550x365Journal Métro - Montreal City Hall and Flag

Agglomeration Council Electoral Profiles


The Agglomeration Council is headed by the Mayor of Montreal, accompanied by 30 elected officials who represent the City of Montreal, its 19 boroughs and the 14 reconstituted cities of the Island of Montreal since Dorval Island and the City of Dorval count as one city.

  • The mayor of the City of Montreal
  • 15 Montreal City Councillors
  • 14 mayors of the reconstituted cities (1 for both the City of Dorval and the Town of Dorval Island)
  • 1 additional representative for Dollard-des-Ormeaux (because of the size of its population)
550x728Hôtel de Ville de Montréal

The Act respecting the exercise of certain municipal powers in certain urban agglomeration stipulates the jurisdiction of the Agglomeration Council over the Montreal Agglomeration.

  • Economic promotion, including tourism, outside the territory of a related municipality.
  • Help for the homeless.
  • Management of streets and major thoroughfares.
  • Municipal court.
  • Nature parks.
  • Property assessment.
  • Public safety services – including police, fire fighters and 9-1-1 Public transit
  • Social housing.
  • Waste management, including disposal of waste materials and management of hazardous waste.
  • Water supply and sewage treatment, except for local networks.

The taxpayers on the Island of Montreal composed of 19 boroughs and 15 reconstituted cities, regardless of their borough or city of residence, pay a common tax for the shared services administered by the Agglomeration Council according to each and every electoral profiles of the Island of Montreal.

Montreal ISLAND Kit

Montreal Electoral Profiles by Rachel Louise Barry