A First Nation who went from an extensive trade alliance with the Hudson Bay, who were extorted by Europeans who only wanted to expand their wealth and their influence and eleven Cree First Nation communities who are now independently administered through their local governments.
Cree communities and hundreds of "traplines" formally called traditional family hunting and trapping grounds. A long-established territory mostly located in the northern part of the province of Quebec.
Nine of the eleven Cree communities are part of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement.
The tenth, Washaw Sibi is in the process of establishing its community and will soon join the Treaty while the eleventh, the MoCreebec maintain a unique affiliation with the other Eeyou First Nation. Eleven Cree Nations and eleven websites.
The Cree language belongs to the Algonquian language family, the most widely spoken Indigenous language in Canada followed by the Iroquoian language family. Cree stories that tell about their past, their religion, the presence of a Great Manitou and the belief that all natural objects, animals, plants, trees, rivers, mountains, rocks have souls.
Two distinct legal entities - the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) and the Cree Nation Government - but with identical membership, board of directors and governing structure managed and operated as one organization by the Cree Nation.
Each Cree First Nation is administered independently through its local government and each elected Chief sits on the Board of Directors of the Grand Council of Eeyou Istchee and on the Council of the Cree Nation Government. Both Councils address common Cree nations and Cree issues.
Cree Nation issues such as Apatisiiwin skills development, child and family services, commerce and industry, capital works and services, Eeyou Eenou police force, environment and remedial works, finance and treasury, human resources, justice and correctional services and social and cultural development. Apatisiiwin in Cree, employment, training and jobs in English.
The Abenakis, Anishinaabeg, Atikamekw, Crees, Huron-Wendats, Innus, Maliseets, Mi'kmaq, Mowhawks, Naskapis First Nations and, the Inuit in Inuit Nunangat, the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
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