Business and Professions

In a world of change, innovation and globalization, business and professions codes ascertain the competence and the integrity of our professionals, our professional orders and our professional associations. 

Professionals render services based on knowledge and judgement. Professionals and professions that have unique characteristics, that require specific skills and that imply precise functions. Professionals with social obligations that guarantee their competence and their integrity.

Office des professions du Québec

The origin of our Quebec professional system dates back do the Nouvelle-France, but the law that governs our Professional Code was sanctioned in 1973.

A business and professions code that gave rise to the Office des professions du Québec (OPQ) composed of 38 professional orders in its early days. An OPQ now composed of 46 professional orders, 54 regulated professions and more than 390,000 members.

In 1995, the OPQ became an extra budgetary government agency. The financing of its expenditure now being guaranteed by the members of the Professional Orders through annual membreship set by the Quebec Government and collected by the Professional Orders.

Today, the specific role of the OPQ is to garantee the competence and the integrity of the professionals and professional orders and to ensure proper and adequate public protection.

Conseil Interprofessionnel du Québec

The Conseil Interprofessionnel du Québec (CIQ) was founded in 1965.

In 1973, upon the adoption of our Professional Code, the CIQ became the collective voice of all our Professional Orders and an important source of information for future professionals and for the general public. 

Each Professional Order must be a member of the Conseil Interprofessionnel du Québec. The CIQ does not receive any funding from the Quebec Government to which it must account to every year. Compared to the OPQ, the CIQ is self-financed by a compulsory overall amount set every year by its members, and by self-financing activities such as training sessions and seminars.

Reserved Titles & Exclusive Right to Practice

Professions with "reserved titles" means that 26 professions belonging to 21 Professional Orders do not have the exclusive right to practice their professional activities. 

In other words, 26 types of qualified specialists can provide professional services without being a member of a Professional Order as long as they do not pretend to be a member of a Professional Order. 

Professions with "reserved titles and exclusive right to practice" means that 28 professions have the exclusive right to use the title, to provide the professional services offered by their 25 Professional Orders and to lawfully practice the activities reserved to their profession. 

Our 54 professions are governed by a Quebec Professional Code and are supervised by 46 professional orders. Our Professional Orders serve and protect the public while our Professional Associations serve the interests of their professional members.

Business and Professions by Rachel Louise Barry