Basic Geography Topics


Montreal basic geography topics is a portrait of the organisational structure of an Island of Montreal divided into 16 cities, that is the City of Montreal and its 19 boroughs and 15 reconstituted cities. 

Political Bodies or Parties

Since November 5, 2017, the Montreal elected municipal parties are:

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Montreal City Council - 2017

  • Projet Montreal, the winning party
  • Mouvement Montréal
  • Équipe Barbe Team
  • Équipe Anjou
  • Coalition Montreal

A Montreal City Council composed of 65 seats occupied first by the mayor of the City of Montreal who is also the mayor of the Ville-Marie borough. A City Council also composed of 18 borough mayors, 38 borough councillors and 8 city councillors. 

Every four years in November voters elect or re-elect a Mayor and a Montreal City Council as well as Mayors and City Councils for each of the other 14 other Cities of the Island of Montreal instead of 15 because, in this case, the City of Dorval and the Island of Dorval both count for one city.

Basic Geographic Concepts


City of Montreal

When we refer to the City of Montreal, we refer to a City located on the Island of Montreal and divided into 19 boroughs. 

550x340Map of the City of Montreal

Montreal Boroughs

When we refer to the Montreal Boroughs, we refer to the 19 boroughs of the City of Montreal and to each of their respective borough mayors and borough councillors

Each of the 19 boroughs has its own borough council for a total of 38 borough councillors who sit on each of their respective borough council and who offer direct public services to their respective borough population.

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Map of the Boroughs and the Cities of the Island of Montreal

Each borough is administered by a director who reports to his or her Borough Council and each borough receives an operating budget allocated by the Montreal City Council. 

The City Council is responsible for indexing taxes for residential and non-residential properties and the Borough Councils are responsible for indexing taxes for the services offered in each of their respective borough. 

Basic Geography and Facts


Island of Montreal

When we refer to the Island of Montreal, we refer to its 16 municipalities, that is the City of Montreal and the 15 reconstituted cities.

Map of the Island of Montreal

We also refer to a range of services provided by the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal, governed by the Agglomeration Council and headed by the mayor of the City of Montreal.

Island Cities

When we refer to the Montreal Cities, we refer to 13 Cities, 1 Village and 1 small Island, for a total of 15 reconstituted Cities located on the Island of Montreal. 

Map of the Cities of the Island of Montreal

Basic Geography Features


Montréal Urban Agglomeration

Fifteen reconstituted cities that chose not to remain incorporated in the City of Montreal, and a complex organisational structure called the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal responsible for the political administration of the entire Island of Montreal.

A total of 31 elected officials. 

  • The mayor of Montreal
  • 15 members of the Montreal City Council
  • 14 mayors of the reconstituted Montreal cities, the City of Dorval and the small Island of Dorval counting for one city 
  • One additional representative selected by the mayor of the City of Dollard-Des-Ormeaux because of its large size and population. 
550x480Map of the Montreal Urban Agglomeration

Agglomeration Council

The Agglomeration Council of the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal has the power to adopt municipal by-laws, authorise expenses and impose taxes on the entire Island of Montreal.

Basic Geography Facts and Figures


Montreal Metropolitan Community

When we refer to the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC) also called Greater Montreal, we refer to the 82 municipalities of the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal (CMM) and to its strategic functions that include planning, coordinating and financing the strategies related to the development of our metropolitan community. 

Map of the Montreal Metropolitan Community - MMC

Census Metropolitan Area

When we refer to the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), we refer to the City of Montreal and to the 91 adjacent municipalities of the Région Métropolitaine de Recensement de Montréal (RMR).

A Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) defined by Statistics Canada and a national Canadian Census conducted every five years also by Statistics Canada.

Map of the Census Metropolitan Area - CMA

Montreal URBAN Kit

Montreal Basic Geography by Rachel Louise Barry