Aboriginal Adventure

All together in a new and interesting aboriginal adventure. Together because some of us, although interested, are not familiar with many if not all our Aboriginals? Indians? Natives? and many other Canadian terms. 

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Let's start with some of the words. Let's start with listing, describing and explaining the terms people use when referring to the "indigenous peoples who occupied North America for thousands of years before the European explorers first arrived in the 11th century". And, let's not forget, Canada is not another word for North America, Canada is located in the northern part of North America.

Many of us do need to better understand the meaning of words such as Aboriginal, Autochtone, Eskimo, First Nations, Indians, Indigenous, Inuit, Metis, Natives, Peoples and Premières nations. So, let's start with finding out about a vocabulary that will eventually take us to a very interesting and very aboriginal adventure.

Canada Aboriginal Historic Terms

The following terminology is derived from Quebec Aboriginal Tourism and from Termium Plus of the Government of Canada. 

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Autochtone and not Première Nations is the collective French term for North American Indians, Inuit and Metis. The English equivalent is Aboriginal.

The collective French term Premières Nations, First Nations in English refers to all the North American Indians but does not include the Inuit and the Métis. 

Canada Aboriginal Peoples

  • Eskimo is an offensive term that identifies a group of people who live in the northern areas of Alaska, Canada, Greenland and Siberia. The proper terms are Inuk (singular) and Inuit (plural) 

  • First Nations refers to Indian bands and to all the North American Indians except the Inuit and the Metis. First Nations is used as a noun or as an adjective. 

Meaning of Aboriginal

  • The name Indian comes from Christopher Columbus who, mistakenly tought he had reached India and thus called the aboriginals Indians. Nowadays, it is quite frowned upon to use the name Indian in casual conversation. 
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  • The Indian Act is a Canadian federal law that governs in matters pertaining to North American Indian status, Indian bands and Indian reserves with each of their official English and French names.

  • An Indian band also referred as a First Nation band is the basic government unit for those who are subject to the Indian Act.

Aboriginal Cultural Tour

  • Indian reserves are tracts of lands set aside under the Indian Act and treaty agreements for the exclusive use of Indian bands. Indian reserve is the term used in Canada while Indian reservation is used in United States.
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  • Indian register and Indian status both refer to the specific legal identity of Canadian Aboriginal peoples. Rights and benefits that are not granted to unregistered North American Indians, Inuit and Métis.

  • Indigenous peoples is the collective term for North American Indians, Inuit and Métis while Aboriginal peoples is the collective term for First Nations, Inuit and Metis.

Welcome to Aboriginal Adventure

  • Inuit (plural) refers to a specific group of people who, for the most part, live in the far northern areas and who are not considered North American Indians under the Canadian law.
  • The issue of the Métis identity continues to be the topic of much debate and discussion, since Métis rights depend on identifying the people who are entitled to such rights, and then on specifying what those rights are
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  • In Canada, the terms Aboriginal and Indigenous are preferred to the term Native. Many feel that native has a negative connotation and is outdated.
  • The plural Peoples refers to more than one Aboriginal group. Aboriginal People for an Aboriginal individual and Aboriginal Peoples for more than one Aboriginal population.   

Montreal TOURIST Kit

Aboriginal Adventure by Rachel Louise Barry


Discovering the 60,000 or so companies established on the Island of Montreal.